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Program Document
Managment Modality
Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation

The Amhara National Regional State (ANRS), with a total population of over 19 million people is one of the populous regions in the country accounting for 15% of the population and one fourth of the area of the Ethiopia . It is characterized by a high population growth rate and sever land degradation. Poverty and food insecurity is rampant and deepening.

To improve the food security status of the population and improve their livelihoods, the regional government has adopted a five year plans primarily focusing on the small holder farming communities and agriculture. To support the efforts of the regional government, Sida has been funding SARDP since 1993.

Sida began its first support in the form of the woreda development fund and further enhance the community empowerment program, which took place from 1993 - 1996 in South Wollo . The full-fledged program support began after Sida - Amhara Rural Development Program ( SARDP) is designed in November 1997.

SARDP III has been designed to make the program fully in tune with the recent policy developments in the region. It is mainly geared towards enhancing community ownership of the program interventions and to make it more responsive to the needs of the poor and marginalized groups living in the program areas. Currently, the program is at third phase with a total budget of Birr 346.5 million starting from July 2004 to June 2008.

Objective of SARDP

The Programme goal is to contribute to the poverty reduction effort of the Amhara Region through improving the food security condition of the rural population in 30 woredas of East Gojjam and South Wollo Zones.

Specific Objectives

•  Agricultural production and productivity increased, marketing of agricultural products and sustainable management of natural resources improved;

•  Income generating opportunities diversified and household incomes increased

•  Infrastructure and delivery of social services improved;

•  Decision making capacity of the rural communities enhanced and local institutions strengthened;

Major Components of the Program

The major interventions of the program are grouped into four components:

•  Agriculture and Natural Resources Management;

•  Economic Diversification;

•  Infrastructure & Social Services and ;

•  Decentralization and moreover, cross cutting issues such as gender, HIV/Aids, population and environment are presumed to be mainstreamed in each of the above components.

Target Group of the Program

The beneficiaries of Sida Amhara Rural Development Program/SARDP/ are mainly the rural communities who are engaged in subsistence agriculture and have less access to diversify and improve their incomes in the program woredas of East Gojjame and South Wollo zones.

Implementation Principles of the Program

It should be noted that the following principles have to be considered during the implementation processes of the program interventions.

1. Poverty focus

2. Decentralization

3. Participation

4. Differentiation

5. Environmental care

6. Good governance

7. Gender equality

8. Linkages and Integration

9. Sustainability

Budget Allocation of SARDP Phase III

The total allotted budget for the third phase of the Sida Amhara Rural Development Program is 300 Million SEK of which 210 Million /70%/ is going to be earmarked directly to the program woredas based on the regional resource allocation criteria. Also, 60 Million /20%/ is to be allocated to Regional Bureaus for backstopping support to woredas. The balance 30 Million/10%/ is equally allotted to EPLAUA and Rural Credit Saving Institute. Moreover, the beneficiary communities are expected to contribute at least 25% in the form of cash, local materials and/or labor. So far, the budget share of the woredas is more than 70% transferred in the form of block grants.

Program Document of SARDP III

SARDP is a participatory rural development programme funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, Sida since 1997. Drawing on lessons from SARDP I and SARDP II phases, SARDP III has been designed to make the program fully up-dated of recent policy developments in the region, to enhance community ownership of the program interventions, and to make it more responsive to the needs of the poor and marginalized groups living in the program area. It will eventually be implemented in a total of 30 rural woredas in the East Gojjam and South Wollo Zones of the Amhara National Regional State , ANRS starting from July 2004. It is a large and complex rural development intervention, comprising 30 woredas in above mentioned zones, with a population of some 4.8 million.

This Programme Document outlines the overall framework for the third phase of the Sida-Amhara Rural Development Program, SARDP, which is a participatory rural development initiative funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, Sida. Its focus is to support community development at the woreda level, where the capacity for development planning, implementation and delivery of services to the communities will be strengthened, in order to reduce poverty and improve rural livelihoods.

This Program Document will serve as the guiding tool for the implementation of SARDP III. The Program goal, purposes, outputs and activities have all been defined in a logical framework exercise, together with principles of implementation and organization of the Program.

Activities and budget figures indicated in the document for the four year Program period, July 2004 to June 2008, are indicative only. Activity planning and budgeting will be made on an annual basis, with resource allocation being subject to approval by the competent authorities, i.e. Sida and the PCC at Regional level. Read more... (pdf).

Managment Modality

SARDP III is the third phase of the program. Drawing on lessons from previous phases, it has been designed to make the program fully up-dated of recent policy developments in the region, to enhance community ownership of the program interventions, and to make it more responsive to the needs of the poor and marginalized groups living in the program area.

With the ANRS being the owner of the program, the prime responsibility of implementing the program rests on the regional government. Key actors and stakeholders of SARDP are the beneficiary community, the regional government, Sida and the contracted consulting firm. The design of the management set up as described below reflects that SARDP is a partnership program based on the interests and ambitions of all stakeholders.

In view of lessons learnt from implementation of the last two phases of SARDP, setting an appropriate mechanisms and operational linkages to ensure adequate collaboration and networking among various partners and stakeholders operating towards achieving common objective is very essential. Accordingly, the organizational and management structure of the SARDP III is designed in a way that ensures a good level of participation of all stakeholders and partners, a less complex functional relation that allows optimum operational linkages, transparency, and accountability; availability of adequate in-house capability to enable mutual support and backstopping as well as guaranteeing effective monitoring & evaluation of the program implementation at all levels.

The proposed program implementation modality will involve stakeholders including the funding partner, the different bureaus supported by the program at regional, zonal and woreda level, the consulting firm and the beneficiary community.

The outstanding bodies in the organizational and management structure of the program are:

•  Extended Program Coordination Committee

•  Regional Program Coordination Committee

•  Zonal Program Coordination Committee

•  Woreda Program Coordination Committee

•  Program Coordination Unit

•  Sub Program Coordination Unit

•  Beneficiary Community

•  Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)

•  The contracted Consulting Firm

Read more...(pdf)

Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation

The need for effective participatory monitoring and evaluation (PM&E) system is increasingly recognized as an indispensable tool of program/project management. The designed PM&E system is aiming at both for accountability and learning purpose.

The system will be implemented in a participatory approach, through the active involvement of concerned stakeholders at each level, giving special emphasis for the grass root community. It also tries to consider the three major aspects to be monitored and evaluated in SARDP III, as a poverty alleviating program which includes: the delivery of services to the beneficiaries (input-out put), the use of services by the beneficiaries (outcomes) and effects of using these services to reduce poverty (impact).

It enables to track the progress of activities during implementation and take timely corrective action, to determine the efficiency, effectiveness, relevance, impact & sustainability and to learn lessons for future use. Read more...(pdf)